ECONOMY FOR PEOPLE

The subsidies granted by municipal bodies may cover up to 80% of the projects submitted that relate to and deal with the social and solidarity economy.

Sustainability, participation, inclusion and commitment to the community are some of the values ​​that govern the so-called social and solidarity economy (ESS), a set of socio-economic initiatives that drink from the influence of the cooperative movement.

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Barcelona has some 4,700 initiatives of this type, of which 2,400 are entities of the third sector and 861 are cooperatives, according to the study ‘L’economia social i solidària a Barcelona’ (2016).
The initiatives included in this alternative economic model, where the satisfaction of the needs of people is above profit, have the support of the City Council, as demonstrated by the approval of the Pla d’Impuls to the social economy and solidarity to Barcelona 2016-2019 ‘. The current municipal government highlights from the ESS model its ability to create more stable jobs and combat inequalities, both social and territorial.

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In this sense, the plan of the city council – a fruit of a previous diagnosis and the contributions gathered in a hundred meetings with different agents such as companies, networks and federations – contemplates visibilizar this alternative economic model, support new projects generating stable and sustainable occupation And strengthen existing projects.

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With these objectives, two calls for grants, amounting to € 1.9 million, have been launched, which for the first time will cover up to 80% of the total cost of the projects to ensure their viability.

The recipients of this call are entities and companies of ESS, of small dimension, but also groups of people with projects of community economy that are not formalized with legal form.

ARTÍCULO COMPLETO, LUIS BENAVIDES, EL PERIÓDICO

THE EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

In recent years, in the international debate on future economic progress, the concept of sustainable development has become a central element. Our lifestyle has changed very rapidly in this century because of the great advances of science and technology and issues such as environmental problems are increasingly important in the debate on defining future development models.

The conservation of natural resources, the rationalization of agricultural production or the control of pollutants are topics that are treated by their importance every day by governments (national and sub-national), economists and environmental pressure groups, who find support Of an increasingly large segment of the population.

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The concept of sustainable development is not perceived in the same way by each stakeholder: if everyone agrees that the development model adopted must be sustainable, in a way, this term generates different ideas and values from person to person. The same term development, for example, can be understood in different ways, according to the ethical beliefs, persuasions and objectives of people.
The purpose of this paper is to define and delimit the concept of sustainable development by analyzing the main agreements, principles and implementation measures.

The term “sustainable development” makes its first appearance in an official document in the text of agreement signed by thirty-three African countries in 1969, under the auspices of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. While this was the first concrete form of application of this concept, its history goes back many years before. Since the last decade of the nineteenth century, traces have been found in debates and discussions between Thomas Malthus – advocate of “apocalyptic theory” on the future of the human species – and Marie Jean Antoine Condorcet, who theorized, on the contrary, a period characterized by Human beings capable of guaranteeing future generations happiness and not just mere existence.

In the same year 1969, America gave birth to the Environmental Protection Agency, whose guidelines have, from the outset, fundamentally influenced all developments in theories and practices of environmental policies around the world. In the NEPA Act (the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969), sustainable development is defined as: “economic development that can bring benefits to present and future generations without damaging biological resources or organisms in the planet”.

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These two fundamental aspects have characterized the so-called “Brundtland Report”, also known as “Our Common Future”, the report prepared by the United Nations Commission headed by Gro Brundtland, published in 1987 after several years of studies, debates and meetings. While it can not claim the right of birthright, the 1987 Brundtland Report has undoubtedly had the merit of bringing economic and industrial development problems to the forefront of public opinion throughout the world.

In the definition, which is found in this report, we do not really talk about the concept of the environment as such, but rather refers to welfare, and therefore to the quality of the environment, thus highlighting the main ethical principle understood as responsibility On the part of the generations of today towards the future generations, and evidencing the two aspects of the environmental sustainability: the maintenance of the resources and the environmental balance of our planet.

In the same document it emphasized the protection of the needs of all individuals, with a view to universal legitimacy to aspire to better living conditions, as well as emphasize the need and importance of greater citizen participation, to implement a Process, in fact increases democratic possibilities in the international arena.

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Sustainable development requires meeting the basic needs of all and extending to all the opportunity to implement their aspirations for a better life. Satisfying essential needs requires not only a new era of economic growth for nations that the majority of the population is poor but also ensuring that the poor have a fair share of the resources needed to sustain this growth. Equity should be supported both by political systems that ensure the effective participation of citizens in decision-making, as well as by greater democracy in international decisions.

ARTÍCULO COMPLETO Giuseppantonio De Vincentiis

STRATEGIC TOURISM PLAN 2020

Barcelona has become one of the main European urban destinations. Its attractiveness has increased the number of tourists on a constant basis, consolidating the economy of services aimed at the attention of visitors, transforming much of the central territory of the city in a few years. Barcelona is a tourist city and will continue to be, foreseeably, for many more years. And this situation is not without challenges.

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In the Strategic Diagnosis presented in September 2016, the challenges and the strategic objectives are set to respond based on an in-depth analysis of the current situation and the future perspectives. And in order to respond, the Action Proposals are presented in a detailed and structured manner as a result of intensive active listening of a plurality of diverse agents, expert voices and document analysis.

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Barcelona has become a tourist city in record time and nothing suggests that it cease to be in the near future. Tourism, as already mentioned at the beginning of this reflection process, can not be considered as an economic activity other than the place where it occurs. Tourism is an inherent part of the city. Assuming this scenario highlights new priorities for the destination tourism strategy.
The Strategic Plan must integrate all the instruments and mechanisms available that allow to build new sustainable future scenarios that guarantee that the generation of wealth derived from tourist activities does not put into play the future of destination as an object of desire but not as To a territory that welcomes many other economic practices and ways of living it. Secondly, we must guarantee the sustainability of the destination in an indispensable way, and do so with an extended look, incorporating other fundamental criteria into environmental issues such as the quality of jobs or the strength of business relationships with The local economic fabric. Sustainability must be considered not only as a brand attribute but as a desired effect for the entire value chain, as a milestone to be achieved in the whole destiny.

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The third of the priorities must be the design of the mechanisms to guarantee the best social return of the economic activity generated by being a destination of the first order. A social return that, without dissociating itself from sustainability, must be generated from multiple redistributive mechanisms, through the generation of shared value in the territories, but also activating multiplier effects to favor the business cooperation of strategic sectors . In short, turning tourism into a lever of change to activate other non-extractive economic activities, benefiting from the constant influx of professionals and institutional positions that visit Barcelona every year.

AJUNTAMENT DE BARCELONA

PLA ESTRATÈGIC DE TURISME 2020

THE EVOLUTION OF BARCELONA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION

TWENERGY.COM

The consolidation in recent years of Barcelona as a tourist destination has driven the development of a model of sustainable and responsible tourism that aims to improve both the quality of life of citizens and the experience of visiting tourists.

For the Barcelona City Council, tourism is an activity with great economic and social importance, which requires the commitment and effort of all the agents involved at a transversal level, with the common challenge of promoting the development of a sustainable city.

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Some of the main aspects generated by tourism are:

• Creation of new infrastructures: the development of new services requires the construction of facilities that, in addition to facilitating the enjoyment of tourists, are positive for residents.
• Generation of occupation: there is the demand for qualified human capital for the development of new services and infrastructures that provide a quality stay.
• Knowledge and exchange with other cultural realities: interaction with people from different parts of the world enriches social diversity and collaborates with respect and coexistence of citizens with other cultures.

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Although it is true that the benefits generated by tourism are significant, it is important not to dissociate the tourism model from that of the city with the objective of guaranteeing its sustainability, both economically, socially and environmentally.
From the momentum of the organization of the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona, ​​the Catalan city has experienced an accelerated growth in tourist activity, becoming one of the international reference destinations (Barcelona receives about 27 million visitors each year).

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One of the peculiarities of tourism in Barcelona with respect to other cities is that it is a tourist reference not only on a cultural level, but also as a destination for business, congress and sports, as shown by the events that have been held recently.
In order to meet the requirements of this certification, it is necessary to carry out continuous improvement plans aimed at guaranteeing the quality of life of citizens and a good experience of visiting for tourists, making Barcelona an increasingly competitive destination.

POST COMPLETO TWENERGY.COM

WHAT CAN GOVERNMENTS DO TO SUPPORT ENVIRONMENTAL INNOVATION?

Companies that can afford it, invest billions of dollars a year, to reduce and mitigate the environmental and social effects of the damage caused by the manufacture and transportation of their raw materials. These investments need what we know as research and development, infrastructure construction, maintenance and attest that processes are regulated and follow the laws in force.

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It is necessary that such companies have incentives to achieve the objectives imposed by the standards and that the consequences of manufacturing and transportation do not directly or indirectly affect the environment. For this reason, the companies invest in state-of-the-art technologies that minimize the decline in environmental degradation, with the idea of ​​not facing costly consequences before governments, courts, public opinion, etc …
Among the problems in which an adequate environmental policy is needed, three stand out: the increasing complications surrounding official environmental assessments, the emergence of the concept of social license and the effects of changes in fiscal and regulatory environments.

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At the global level environmental assessment processes have been unduly long, complicated, costly and uncertain. This increases the risks of investment by companies and could lead to the abandonment of probably successful projects. Trying to replace or improve infrastructure has become a global nightmare and the bureaucracy generated around the environment does not help the development of new technologies and innovations to come to fruition, so the first step would be to manage more Agile all that implies the evaluation at the level of Environment.

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The concept of social license that exists in many countries has increased the risks of innovations and investments, which could lead to better environmental results. Social license is such a diffuse concept in deciding what projects will be allowed by regulatory institutions, which opens the door to arbitrary decisions and threatens the rule of law. Finally, a company that commits itself to a major investment, whether in infrastructure or innovation, expects a return on its investment. The yield calculated is always hypothetical, since the future is unknown, but one of the determinants of return is the cost of regulation and taxation. A volatile regulatory and fiscal environment discourages investment as it creates additional uncertainty.

ARTÍCULO COMPLETO ECOTICIAS.COM

HAVING A DISABILITY, A PROBLEM TO FIND WORK IN SPAIN: ONE IN THREE IS UNEMPLOYED

The increase of 5% of the labor accident rate in our country is not the only black figure around Labor Day, which is celebrated on May 1. Companies with more than 50 employees do not comply with disability regulations. They should reserve 2% of the workforce to workers with a disability.

Being born with a disability has never been an impediment to Irene Enebral, a receptionist in a psychology bureau who denounces: “There should be no problem in finding a person with a disability.”

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She has been working as a receptionist for a month, attending calls that go into the psychology office, but her fate is not available to 1.8 million disabled people of working age.

Of these, one in three is unemployed. Nazaret Jiménez is an example, and is that in the last five years has not been able to find work. “I always think that in any company I will be an ideal candidate,” he says.

He recognizes that being in a wheelchair has closed the door of several companies: “They tell me that I can not access because they do not have adapted seat and because they do not have the adapted entrance.”

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Since entities seeking to increase the employability of this group blame the misinformation that no more job openings. “The adaptation is as easy as setting up a table and there is nothing more to do,” says Javier Font, President Famma Cocemfe Madrid.

All help to improve labor insertion is welcome, such as bonuses or the 2% quota reserved in large companies. Although the best impulse is to be well prepared as Nazareth is, whose effort has borne fruit in the end. He has an offer to start work next week.

LA SEXTA

VER VÍDEO

HOW DOES A BIOMASS BOILER WORK?

From INOUT Hostel we have warned of the need to take care of the environment, the obligation to fulfill some objectives with the biodiversity and the sustainability in this case of our installation in the middle of an absolutely natural place as it is the Natural Park of Collserola, green lung of the City of Barcelona and part of the Vallés. INOUT Hostel uses biomass boiler, where the material is burned little by little and its ashes can be used later as fertilizer. Biomass is a very cheap, safe and extremely efficient source of renewable energy with low emissions and contributes to the maintenance of forests or to the recycling of agricultural waste.

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Biomass is any organic matter of plant or animal origin that can be treated and used to generate energy. Residues produced by agriculture and forestry, for example, are commonly used for these purposes.
There are many types of biomass and all can be used for heating, cooling and production of hot water for both private homes and industries. With a more complex system, it is also possible to obtain electrical energy and biofuels from this material.

Boilers are activated automatically when a certain temperature is detected. A fuel burner incinerates the material to generate a flame that extends horizontally entering the boiler. The heat produced in this combustion is transmitted to a water circuit that can be used for heating, showers and air conditioning of swimming pools.

To store the biofuel, the boilers must have a good sized container located to one side, with a screw to transport it inland. The ashes that are generated can be collected automatically for later use as fertilizer. Some systems also include an accumulator in which unused heat can be stored.

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Forest waste can be treated and processed into pellets of about 5 millimeters in diameter and 2 centimeters in length, to facilitate their use, storage and transport. You can also create larger cylinders called briquettes, these are between 20 and 50 centimeters in length and about 13 centimeters in diameter.

The material to be used will depend on the type of boiler to be used, as the granulometry, density, calorific value, amount of humidity, chlorine concentration and the ashes generated in the combustion will affect the operation of the system.

In general terms, there are four types of biomass boilers:

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Conventional Adapters: Old boilers originally used with coal can be adapted to work with pellets. They are economical, but their efficiency is reduced compared to other systems.

Standard: They have high performance and automatic cleaning and supply systems. Most work only with pellets.

Mixed: They work with different types of biofuel and it is possible to change from one to another quickly and efficiently.

Condensation: They are small and work only with pellets. They use an exchanger to heat the water and recover the latent energy of the condensation, thus saving fuel.

BLOG HILDEBRANDT GRUPPE

ECOTOURISM CONCEPT CONFUSING

Xavi Basora, an expert in the field, we dedicated an interesting post on the clarification of the concept of ecotourism. Xavi gives us his version, his position on the different forms of green tourism and its definitions and differences. Passionate about green tourism that explains step by step what they have learned in manuals and academic texts

What: tourism observation of nature
If we start by the end of the definition (nature observation), the first approach would be the motivation (what). Indeed, the main motivation or interest of tourists when they move to a place is a way to distinguish different types of tourism

In the case of ecotourism, motivation is clear: to observe and learn about nature in a certain place, although the intensity of this desire (and, therefore, the willingness to spend more or less days, to take more or less physical effort to pay more or less, etc.) depend on each person, of course. And that arise in different profiles ecotourists.

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The how: a responsible and sustainable tourism
The other perspective of the definition (responsible tourism) has more to do with attitude, with commitment. From whom? Tourists, but also the companies that sell and ecotourism activities of public authorities that regulate and control. In this sense, ecotourism should be, by definition, a form of responsible tourism (and sustainable). In practice, this can materialize in many ways

Confusion ecotourism sustainable tourism
That ecotourism is a form of responsible and sustainable tourism also makes confuse these terms. In fact, the prefix eco- further fueled this confusion because associated eco- sustainable, so many people who first heard of ecotourism immediately think that is the same as sustainable tourism. And no.

Ecotourism is a form of tourism, while the sustainable and responsible tourism is a set of principles, among which include those who have just reviewed, but others outside it desirable that apply to all tourist modalities. If so, we may speak of sun and beach tourism sustainable tourism and sustainable rural tourism and any other type. In ecotourism, the application of these principles is inherent in the definition.

Nature tourism, a concept more understandable?
Nature tourism is the term preferred by some experts (and several government) to refer to ecotourism or, at least, the observation of nature tourism (note that I have not included the “responsible” ). Although the concept may seem clearer to also generates confusion. And, strictly speaking, nature tourism is one whose motivation to observe and learn about nature, but one that is practiced in nature. It may look the same, but it is not.

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The name does not do the thing
Possibly many of the concerns associated with ecotourism vanish if ever spoke of “responsible tourism observation of nature.” One name, however, too long to be released and marketed within the canons of tourism marketing. The short name, one you sound better: ecotourism, nature tourism, ecotourism or other.

And as the name does not make it the most important, in my view, is to understand what principles behind it, which are none other than promoting economic activity (based on leisure, in this case) encouraging contact with natural spaces and contributes to preserve them, to know them and respect them, and to encourage people who live there. I just do not understand these principles, but above all promote them and have them very present, either as tourists or as business tourism administrations.

Xavi Basora (Barcelona, ​​1978) is journalist and environmentalist. His passion is to discover areas, near and far, and share their experiences with words and images. Work Space to three works with certain media, as discovered. Believes that our country offers a fascinating natural and seductive worthy of being known, respected and preserved.

BLOG DESCOBRIR

 

CATALAN CULTURAL HERITAGE GENERATES 3,660 MILLION ANNUAL ECONOMIC IMPACT

The most popular museums are Dalí in Figueres and the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia

According to Europa Press, the Catalan cultural heritage generates approximately 3,660 million euros per year, figures that are extracted from the report “Strategic of the sector of the Patrimony in Catalonia, named as Map and Diagnosis and that was presented by the minister of culture, Ferran Mascarell and The general director of Heritage, Joan Pluma.

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This report is based on tangible heritage, such as museums, buildings, archaeological and palaeological sites, movable property, documentation centers and audiovisual archives, and intangibles, festivals, cultural associations, and natural heritage, parks and Reservations.

Then, analyzing data from the Institute of Tourist Studies of the Government, the global impact of the heritage is 3,660 million a year, starting with the managers of the heritage museums, collections and archives, with budgets of 390.3 million.

In a second level, the wide range of companies specialized in heritage – such as digitization, storage, transport, replication companies – has recorded a turnover of 211.4 million.

However, there is also an industry that is not specialized in heritage that is included in this amount of income – 32.2 million generated – by producing collateral products and services – such as printing, web design, communication, cleaning, maintenance, insurance.

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Finally, the report includes in the total income the expenditure of tourists who claim to visit Catalonia on patrimonial grounds, which totals 3,026.1 million thanks to the 81.25 million Catalan public; 103,27 of the Spanish, and 2,841.6 of the international.

This report has brought to light the list of museums according to their income, leading to the Teatre-Museu Dalí in Figueres (Girona) in the public sector with 15.4 million in revenue and the Museum of the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia Of Barcelona leads the private sector with 3.1 million.

LA VANGUARDIA

REASONS TO BOOK DIRECTLY FROM OUR WEBSITE

Next we wish from INOUT Hostel to make a decalogue of advantages for which every person should book directly with us, avoiding intermediaries, misunderstandings, information that directly touch the falsehood.

In the world of web 3.0 or 4.0, online booking is an act that occurs millions of times a day around the world, but, are all reservations made relevant? It is a good question, which we should all ask ourselves before booking in a hostel, hostel, hotel or any tourist facility. The phrase that we hear countless times by telephone of our clients “–If I get to know I reserve directly with you ….” should not occur as often as it actually happens.
Our collaborators, internet portals, OTA’s, Wholesalers, etc … are companies that are dedicated to the sale of hotel beds of the category that is, but of course, they do of all the establishments and however much they are In presenting reliably and reliably the particular product of each of the establishments advertised on its website, is not even close to the attention that the establishment itself can offer. This is a reality that everyone should keep in mind if you want to make a hotel reservation and specifically if you are booking at INOUT Hostel.
Here are some questions that the direct reservation with us, directly at the counter, via telephone, through mail or from our official website, which are the direct ways to book in INOUT Hostel:

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Reliability of the process of reservation and insertion of data of credit card with the possibility of making the reservation with modalities of payment and alternative guarantees (bank transfer).
Possibility to find exclusive special offers only on this official website, more variety of room types and Free Update if when it arrives a room of superior category is available. Possibility also to make special orders according to your needs.
More variety of room types.

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Reservations without intermediaries, managed directly by our staff, the same who will welcome you and assist you during your stay.
Possibility of canceling or modifying reservations (unless otherwise specified in the conditions of the rate) in a simple and specific terms.
Possibility also to make special orders according to your needs.
Enjoy the advantages of assigning your preferred room (always subject to the availability of the Hotel).
No need to pay a deposit, pay the full amount of your reservation on the property.

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Another great advantage is that you will always be in direct contact with us. If you need to add another family member, change the date of arrival, or if you would like to stay a few more days or cancel your reservation, we will always be there to help you and receive all the answers and changes requested directly from us.
The large number of travel agencies that swarm by the Network and its attractive offers can make the Internet think that these platforms have the best prices when booking at a hostel. But they are very wrong.
Directly the contracting of extras (like restaurant services, etc.) is facilitated and access to more complete, detailed and updated information.

David Marín

Community Manager

INOUT Hostel