Severe weather induced by climate change and other natural disasters have the most immediate effects on mental health in the form of trauma and shock due to personal injury, loss of a loved one, damage or loss of personal property or even loss of livelihood, according to the report.
When people think about climate change, they probably first imagine their effects on the environment, and possibly their physical health. But climate change also has a significant impact on mental health, according to a new report published by the American Association of Psychology and EcoAmerica entitled ‘Mental Health and Our Changing Climate: Impacts, Implications and Guidance’.

The impacts of climate on mental health are not only relegated to disasters, but there are also significant impacts on mental health due to long-term climate change. Climate change affects agriculture, infrastructure and habitability, which in turn affects occupations and the quality of life and can force people to emigrate. These effects can lead to loss of personal and professional identity, social support structures, a sense of control and autonomy and other impacts on mental health, such as feelings of helplessness, fear and fatalism. High levels of stress and anxiety are also related to effects on physical health, such as a weakened immune system. Concern about the actual or potential impacts of climate change can lead to stress that can accumulate over time and eventually lead to stress-related problems such as substance abuse, anxiety disorders and depression, according to a report.


The key to combating the potential negative psychological effects of climate change, according to the report’s authors, is building resilience. It includes a section dedicated to providing guidance to assist professionals in supporting and promoting the mental health of individuals and communities and to support them in developing psychological resistance. One recommendation is to guide people to support and maintain their social networks.
The report also emphasized that the adoption of environmentally friendly policies and lifestyle choices can have a positive effect on mental health. For example, the choice of cycling or walking to work has been associated with lower levels of stress. If walking or cycling to work is impractical or unsafe, public transport use has been linked to increased community cohesion and reduced symptoms of depression and stress, according to the report. In addition, greater accessibility to parks and other green spaces could benefit mental health, as it has been shown that spending more time in nature reduces stress levels and decreases stress-related illnesses, regardless of socioeconomic status , age or sex.




“The new socioeconomic situation, marked by greater uncertainty and new risks and opportunities for the business sector, is introducing changes in the conception of CSR. The transversal analysis of these allows to anticipate new trends in the management of the sustainability of organizations , Mediated by the Sustainable Development Goals (ODS) and the Sustainable Development Agenda.


The concept of CSR, once developed advanced tools applicable to business management, is evolving towards a more primordial conception that more exhaustively describes the relationships between organizations and society. We speak of a much more transversal, mediatic and belligerent conception, capable of revealing the existence of communicating vessels between economic and financial performance, social performance and environmental performance. That is to say, without economic-financial sustainability we can not speak of social sustainability and environmental sustainability, and vice versa.

“The specialization of CSR should be reduced and integrated into the process of the organization”


The tendency to use increasingly the concept of sustainability to redefine, rethink and reprogram the relations of organizations with their environment also allows to incorporate discourses increasingly present in the social debate that have been tangential to the concept of CSR: circular economy, economy Ecological, economics of the common good, etc. The concept of sustainability makes it possible to describe in a more exhaustive way the relationships of organizations with their environment, increasingly removed from a reductionist conception associated with philanthropy or social action. CSR is able to respond to a smaller world of concerns, and sustainability is a much more transversal and interdisciplinary concept. “

Francisco Cortés García, professor of the UNIR.




“As of last January, the minimum wage for the year 2017 was € 707.60 a month, an increase of 8% that the Council of Ministers approved last December. The minimum wage amounts to € 9,906.40 per year (distributed in 14 installments), which still falls far short of the minimum salaries of leading countries such as Luxembourg (1,922.96), Belgium (1,501.82), Ireland (1,461.85) or France (1,457.82).

For social economy enterprises such as special work centers, better known as CET’s, this increase means the assumption of 4% of own funds to the salary stock, since the Administration subsidizes only 50% of the minimum wage.

Barcelona Study Abroad Experience Volunteers at InOut Hostel TU3


In our view, this is so that the CETs have a constant vision of improvement of the production systems with the automation of the processes, the diversification of the activities and the business efficiency that allow generating enough capital gains to face these increases of minimum wage Or salaries marked by professional agreements. However, another objective may also be to evaluate the economic and social return of public investment in the CETs.
The increase must be met with own resources, and not only from subsidies and public contributions
And one of the tools to evaluate it is what is known as the SROI (Social Return on Investment) methodology that, in our case, we used in 2013 to calculate the social return of each euro invested in the cooperative Àuria. The result was surprising: 4.49 euros for each public euro invested (in terms of salary cost subsidies, Social Security bonfires and subsidies to labor support units).


This case serves to spur us. The third sector is a very dynamic area of ​​the economy and forced to reinvent itself constantly, to work with ambition and responsibility because we occupy, precisely, a population that without the existence of special work centers would have an even more difficult access to labor insertion . The consequences of this deprivation are harmful to the personal autonomy or equal rights of people with intellectual disabilities, for example, the most difficult to find a job.”

Miquel Canet

Director general de Àuria Grup



Usually, the users of the Social and Solidarity Economy is because we want to bet on a real alternative to the capitalist economy. Be it said that we need to promote social change or, to a lesser degree, we are totally dissatisfied with the current situation and the social inequality that exists in the economic system and we want or try to establish an economy that takes into account all people, Environment and sustainable development, over and above other interests. We could say, then, that the Social and Solidarity Economy besides being an economic alternative, is a social movement, a way of living.


Realities that will meet at the 1st Congress of Social and Solidarity Economy of Madrid (COMESS), which will take place on 24 and 25 March.
According to Maria Avizanda, a journalist and researcher, expert in collaborative consumption, “there is a real sharing movement that links with a whole social and cultural tradition such as cooperativism, and then there is a whole world of startups that have Known to take the values ​​of the social economy and to make them profitable. “An evident symptom, that the values ​​posed by the Other Economies are having increasing acceptance in the society.
“Choosing products that are beneficial to society, the environment and people is an option that fits with the current values ​​of consumers,” is an affirmation of Amaya Apesteguía of OCU. However, since the OCU point out that for consumers it is still not easy to always choose the most sustainable option, because information is often partial and confusing, and often requires the effort to give up other important issues such as availability or economic prices . In order to be able to involve and generate confidence in this type of consumption, OCU advises that social and environmental benefits should be combined with social and environmental benefits, to continue working on transparency and access to information on its sustainability assertions, among other issues .





Rights and quality of life of people with intellectual disabilities and greater support needs

People with intellectual disabilities have a greater need for support and constitute a particularly vulnerable group that has traditionally experienced situations of exclusion. Despite this, the situation of this group has not been a priority subject of study nor have there been specific developments in social policy to respond to their needs, which translates into at least three important consequences.
First, the lack of interest in knowing in depth the reality of those with an intellectual disability (ID) that require more intense support has led to a lack of consensus in the scientific and organizational sphere when it comes to Define what characterizes this group. This affects both the identification and quantification of this population group and the generation of knowledge about good practices in the provision of support to it.

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Secondly, and despite the fact that Article 31 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, hereinafter the CRPD (UN, 2006), urges States Parties to collect adequate information to support the development of policies to ensure that The rights of people with disabilities are not violated, there are numerous studies and reports that point out the need for better epidemiological studies on ID in general, and people with greater support needs in particular. Spain, as we will point out in this report, is no exception in this regard.
Thirdly, although Spanish legislation on education, employment or health, frequently addresses the needs of IDPs in an effort to adapt existing legislation to the rights set out in the CRPD (UN 2006) In force in the Spanish legal system since 2008, sometimes leaves the door open to the provision of services and supports outside the ordinary context for those whose limitations are greater, through the use of concepts such as ‘reasonable accommodation’.

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The main objectives of this study are:
1. Examine and synthesize existing data in Spain on people with greater intellectual and developmental support and disability needs, as well as on the resources available to them.
2. Detect the needs of this group and the degree of compliance with them in the light of the CRPD (UN, 2006).
3. To propose clear and knowledge-based guidelines to ensure the well-being and fulfillment of the rights of people with intellectual or developmental disabilities and great needs for support.


Investigadores Principales Miguel Ángel Verdugo y Patricia Navas Instituto Universitario de Integración en la Comunidad. INICO. Universidad de Salamanca Colaboradores: Sergio Martínez y Fabián Sainz